Recent Reviews https://web.ipmsusa3.org/reviews_date en Japanese Yokosuka MXY7-K1 Trainer https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/japanese-yokosuka-mxy7-k1-trainer <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/japanese-yokosuka-mxy7-k1-trainer" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/japanese-yokosuka-mxy7-k1-trainer/0732-400_box_art.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Cover Art" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;<strong>History:</strong></p> <p>In the Summer of 1944, things were not going well for the Japanese.&nbsp; The Americans were approaching Japan, and from the Japanese viewpoint,&nbsp; an invasion of the homeland was not too far away.&nbsp; Conventional weaponry seemed to be ineffective.&nbsp; Due to the fact that Japan was far behind the U.S. in industrial development, existing air and naval forces were being used up far beyond Japan's ability to replace equipment and personnel.&nbsp; The leaders still thought they could win, but it was obvious to many military and naval people that something radical was needed.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/japanese-yokosuka-mxy7-k1-trainer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Kits Mon, 18 Jun 2018 16:18:40 +0000 Doug Cole 7740 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Hasegawa Pz.Kpfw IV ausf.F2 & 8t Half Track & 88mm Gun Flak 18 "Rommel Afrika Korps" https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/hasegawa-pzkpfw-iv-ausff2-8t-half-track-88mm-gun-flak-18-rommel-afrika-korps <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/hasegawa-pzkpfw-iv-ausff2-8t-half-track-88mm-gun-flak-18-rommel-afrika-korps" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/hasegawa-pzkpfw-iv-ausff2-8t-half-track-88mm-gun-flak-18-rommel-afrika-korps/1_ak_set_box_top.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Box Top" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <h3>The Kits</h3> <p>You get three 1/72 scale kits and a 54 mm figure in one box here. The kits are an 8-ton halftrack, (SdKfz 7) an 88 mm FLAK 18, and a Panzer IV ausf F2. The figure is Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. There are individual instructions for the vehicles, and the painting and assembly instructions for Rommel are included with the 88 mm FLAK.</p> <p>I built the kits and figure individually and will go through the process of construction and finishing one at a time.</p> <h3>88 mm Gun, FLAK 18</h3> <p>The Hasegawa 88 mm gun can be displayed either on the travel wheels or deployed for action. Since this came with the halftrack, I decided to build it in "road mode". The wheel assemblies can be removed, and the side stabilizers can be deployed if desired, as these parts are not glued but can be reset for an "action" display.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/hasegawa-pzkpfw-iv-ausff2-8t-half-track-88mm-gun-flak-18-rommel-afrika-korps" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Military Vehicles Kits Mon, 18 Jun 2018 05:02:52 +0000 William O'Malley 7739 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Warship 2018 https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/warship-2018 <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/warship-2018" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/osprey-warship-2018/1_rgbenson_osprey_warship_2018_front_cover.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Color front cover of book" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>Thank you Osprey Publishing for providing a review copy of their new ship's annual! I first thought that Osprey was publishing a new series, but in fact, Osprey is continuing the Conway imprint of naval and military books, which is excellent news. As always, I truly appreciate all those in the IPMS Reviewer Corps, whose work is critical to sharing new and exciting modeling and historical products with the world.</p> <h3>Overview</h3> <p>Warship 2018 is part of an annual series and follows historical event anniversaries, new analysis of naval engagements, intriguing operations, and more general ship topics. Each of the 11 chapters is a stand-alone study, accompanied by abundant images, drawings and data. All writing styles are slightly different, but each is appropriate and engaging for the chapter topic.</p> <h3>Content Coverage</h3> <p>Brief highlights of each chapter are included here. Short engaging descriptions of chapter content following chapter titles.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/warship-2018" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Ships Publications Sun, 17 Jun 2018 14:38:09 +0000 David Wrinkle 7738 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org USAF Fighter Pilot with ejection seat for F-5E https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/usaf-fighter-pilot-ejection-seat-f-5e <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/usaf-fighter-pilot-ejection-seat-f-5e" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/usaf-fighter-pilot-ejection-seat-f-5e/image.file_.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you are looking to add a figure to your F-5 Freedom Fighter, you may want to investigate the latest offering from the Aires Aerobonus line. The figure is posed in his ejection seat with his hands resting on the throttle and stick. With a little care in removing the parts from the pour plug, and some painting, this figure is an easy addition for most modelers to place in their aircraft.</p> <p>The packaging for this figure is simple with a clear plastic bag containing the ejection seat and majority of the body of the pilot (the arms and head are separate) as well as a folded sheet of paper that provides drawings of the assembled figure as well as painting recommendations. The build was quick and easy, as the arms and head are set into position without issue. </p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/usaf-fighter-pilot-ejection-seat-f-5e" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Details Sat, 16 Jun 2018 14:23:23 +0000 Dave Morrissette 7737 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org T-60 Early Series. Soviet Light Tank Interior Kit https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/t-60-early-series-soviet-light-tank-interior-kit <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/t-60-early-series-soviet-light-tank-interior-kit" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/t-60-early-series-soviet-light-tank-interior-kit/35215_end-1024x718.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>The T-60 was a light tank designed for scout and reconnaissance missions that was rushed into production a month after the start of Operation Barbarossa. Over a two-year period, approximately 7,000 of these vehicles were built. The T-60 scout tank was lightly armored, lightly armed with a 20mm canon a a machine gun, that was roundly hated by the two-man crews who operated it. The light armor, less than effective gun and poor engine performance lead to its operators naming it the "brother's grave for two". Although it was intended to be a support or reconnaissance vehicle, it often matched up against more superior German armor where it fared very poorly. Until factories could be equipped to produce the T-34, Soviet production continued and efforts were made to upgrade the firepower to a 37mm cannon, but these plans were scraped due to a lack in ammunition, and eventually, the armament upgrades were incorporated into the T-70.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/t-60-early-series-soviet-light-tank-interior-kit" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Military Vehicles Kits Sat, 16 Jun 2018 14:09:19 +0000 Dave Morrissette 7736 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Tidal Wave - From Leyte Gulf to Tokyo Bay https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/tidal-wave-leyte-gulf-tokyo-bay <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/tidal-wave-leyte-gulf-tokyo-bay" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/tidal-wave-leyte-gulf-tokyo-bay/tidal_wave_cover.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Book Cover" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <h3>Introduction</h3> <p>In Tidal Wave from Leyte Gulf to Tokyo Bay, Thomas McKelvey Cleaver offers a deep analysis of the political and strategic situation in the last months of the Pacific War, interwoven with engaging accounts of kamikaze raids and aerial combat. He explains how the last months of the Pacific campaign constantly challenged the crews of the US Navy ships, whose pilots conducted continual bombing missions and aerial skirmishes, how the success or failure of the ship's gunners spelled life or death for their vessels, and how the commanders had to protect their ships from the worst ravages of the Pacific Typhoons.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/tidal-wave-leyte-gulf-tokyo-bay" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Miscellaneous Publications Fri, 15 Jun 2018 05:39:04 +0000 William O'Malley 7735 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Fw-190D-9 Correct Cowling https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/fw-190d-9-correct-cowling <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/fw-190d-9-correct-cowling" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/quickboost-132-fw-190d-9-correct-cowling-qb-32-186/cowl_package.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Package" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p> Quickboost, an Aires Resin division, continues to produce quick and simple resin upgrades for a wide variety of subjects. The detail parts are crisply cast and often add to or correct kit items.</p> <p>In this case, the subject of this review is the engine cowling for the 1/32 Hasegawa Fw-190D-9. In a side-by-side comparison (see photos), the details (panel lines, fasteners, etc.) are almost exactly the same. The old real noticeable difference is that that Quickboost replacement is deeper than the Hasegawa kit part. Based on my Vernier caliper measurements, the Quickboost part is 0.025 deeper than the kit cowl. I would have to assume that this is the "shortcoming" of the kit part. The resin casting is also thinner than the kit part and lacks the locating pin. It is cast on a large resin stub, but this is easily removed with a razor saw and a few minutes of careful cutting. Once separated, a few swipes with a sanding stick or sanding block readily remove any saw marks. The diameter of the replacement cowl matches very well with the kit part and it fits snugly onto the front of the fuselage.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/fw-190d-9-correct-cowling" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Details Fri, 15 Jun 2018 04:20:50 +0000 William O'Malley 7734 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Mitsubishi A5M Part 2 Decals https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/mitsubishi-a5m-part-2-decals <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/mitsubishi-a5m-part-2-decals" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/mitsubishi-a5m-part-2-decals/ll48054_cover.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Cover" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>The A5M "Claude" known internally to Mitsubishi as the KA-14 and formally as the Navy Type 96 Navy Carrier-based Fighter was the first all metal monoplane to enter service as carrier-based aircraft. The Claude is the direct predecessor to the A6M "Zero" and did see combat through the beginning of the Second World War but had been pretty much removed from combat by 1942. Late in the war a few were even used as kamikaze aircraft.</p> <p>There are a few 1/48 A5M Claude kits on the market in 1/48 scale with the most prominent player at the moment being the new tool Fine Molds kits. Other Claude kits in 1/48 scale include the Wingsy, an old tool Fine Molds A5M, Eagles Talon (vacuform) and an Classic Airframes kit. Thankfully Lifelike has come to the rescue with a timely re-release of their A5M Part 2 Decal set that will make a nice addition to your Claude no matter which kit you build. I should mention that Lifelike recommends the Fine Molds or Wingsy kits as they are still in production. Note: Decals are for either the A5M4 or A5M2b variants of the Claude.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/mitsubishi-a5m-part-2-decals" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Decals Thu, 14 Jun 2018 12:46:31 +0000 Doug Cole 7733 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org U-295 type U-VIIC/41 + "Biber" German Submarine https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/u-295-type-u-viic41-biber-german-submarine <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/u-295-type-u-viic41-biber-german-submarine" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/u-295-type-u-viic41-biber-german-submarine/u-295_boxing.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Box art" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>If you are looking for a unique addition to your WWII U-boat collection, let me direct your attention to the kits of Mirage Hobby. In one of their latest releases, the company offers a Type VIIC boat equipped with a pair of Biber mini subs, each carrying a pair of torpedoes. Shying away from the typical 1/700 and 1/350 scales for ships, Mirage Hobby offers this and several other submarines molded in 1/400 scale. Modelers with some experience with small parts will have no issues with the construction of this kit.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/u-295-type-u-viic41-biber-german-submarine" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Ships Kits Thu, 14 Jun 2018 05:21:29 +0000 William O'Malley 7732 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Consolidated PB4Y-1/1P Liberator https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/consolidated-pb4y-11p-liberator <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/consolidated-pb4y-11p-liberator" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/consolidated-pb4y-11p-liberator/frontcover.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Front cover" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>This book covers the PB4Y-1/1P Liberator in US Naval service. Armed with the success of land based bombers used by the USAAC anti-submarine command in the Atlantic along with RAF Coastal Command on the other side of the Atlantic, the Navy went to the AAC to ask for a share of the B-24 production. This was granted in return for the Navy canceling orders for the Boeing PBB Sea Ranger thus freeing up that production capacity for B-29s.</p> <p>Ginter books are well known in both the modeling and aviation community for their in-depth photo coverage and history of the title subject. This book on the PB4Y-1 , number 105 in the Naval Fighters series, lives up to the sterling reputation established by all of the previous volumes. It is a great companion volume to the one on the PB4Y-2!</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/consolidated-pb4y-11p-liberator" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Publications Thu, 14 Jun 2018 04:55:14 +0000 William O'Malley 7731 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org FW-190A-5/8, R-2/8, F-8 Landing Gear https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/fw-190a-58-r-28-f-8-landing-gear <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/fw-190a-58-r-28-f-8-landing-gear" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/fw-190a-58-r-28-f-8-landing-gear/edu72154_5451.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Product packaging" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>This is a white metal landing gear set is to for the Eduard 1/72 Fw 190A-5/8, R-2/8, F-8 aircraft.</p> <p>The white metal parts are very good and have more defined details than the original kit parts. They are a very good replacement for the already well-detailed kit parts. The advantage is these white metal parts will provide more strength and last longer than the kit parts.</p> <p>The parts are well cast; you do need to sand off the few cast seams and metal pour points. The parts were a perfect fit to the existing mount and were easy to assemble. A couple of the parts were a little bent,&nbsp; but very easy to fix.</p> <p>I recommend these parts are a great addition to an already extremely well-detailed kit.</p> <p>Thanks go to Scale Aircraft Conversions for providing this set to review and IPMS USA for allowing me to review it for them.</p> Aircraft Details Mon, 11 Jun 2018 23:47:09 +0000 David Wrinkle 7730 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Panther in Action https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/panther-action <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/panther-action" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/panther-action/panthertankiacovers.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Cover of book" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>The book is one of the Squadron Signal series "in Action". It explores the history and development of the Panther tank and its Variants. I have always loved the Panther design and was very happy to have this book to review. The pictures of the Panther in the book are fantastic.</p> <p>The book has some extremely interesting and diverse photos of the iconic Panther, there are over 180 photographs included. The photos really show the classic lines and design of this wonderful symbol of the World War 2. The book made me want to build a couple of Panther models out of my stash and start building using the book for valuable reference. The last sections of the variants are an extremely interesting addition to the book.</p> <p>This book should be in every tank lover's library and I recommend this book to everyone. The great reference photos are ideal for all modeler's.</p> <p>Thanks go to David Doyle for providing this book to review and IPMS USA for allowing me to review it for them.</p> Military Vehicles Publications Mon, 11 Jun 2018 23:32:46 +0000 David Wrinkle 7729 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org He 111H-3/6/16 Landing Gear https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/he-111h-3616-landing-gear <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/he-111h-3616-landing-gear" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/he-111h-3616-landing-gear/sac48354_5434.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Product packaging" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>This is a white metal landing gear set is to for the ICM 1/48 HE 111 H3 aircraft.</p> <p>The white metal parts are very good and have better-defined details than the original kit parts. They are a very good replacement for the already well details kit parts. The advantage is these white metal parts will provide more strength and last longer than the kit parts.</p> <p>The parts include the rear wheel parts that replace part numbers D1-2, D1-10, and D2-11. With this assembly, you must drill out the location slot in the main strut to accept the part that replaces the D2-11.</p> <p>The two main gear struts components replace part numbers D2-3, D2-4, C9, and C7 for subassembly 108. D2-5, D2-2, C9, and C7 for subassembly 109. The part number C54 is also replaced with white metal parts. The assembly is a bit difficult but with patience and care makes for a great replacement for the main landing gear legs.</p> <p>The parts are well cast; you do need to sand off the few cast seams and metal pour points. The parts were a perfect fit to the existing mount and were easy to assemble.</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/he-111h-3616-landing-gear" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Aircraft Details Mon, 11 Jun 2018 23:21:58 +0000 David Wrinkle 7728 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Template Squares Steel https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/template-squares-steel <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/template-squares-steel" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/template-squares-steel/edu00038_5436.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Product packaging" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>This is a photoetch template set for use scribing/engraving square type features on any subject plastic model. This set with one sheet with 4 smaller templates within it.</p> <p>In the packet includes</p> <ul> <li>1 photoetch sheet</li> </ul> <h3>Summary</h3> <p>This is a fantastic set for added some great additional details features to any kit or replacing engraved squares lost due to sanding and filling. They are easy to use and flexible to form around most shapes and surfaces.</p> <p>Thanks go to Eduard for providing this set to review and IPMS USA for allowing me to review it for them.</p> Miscellaneous Modeling Products Mon, 11 Jun 2018 23:05:49 +0000 David Wrinkle 7727 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org Panzer IV On The Battlefield 2 https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/panzer-iv-battlefield-2 <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-region-pr-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/panzer-iv-battlefield-2" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square imagecache-linked imagecache-review_cover_square_linked"><img src="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/review_cover_square/reviews/panzer-iv-battlefield-2/panzer_iv_book_cover.jpg" alt="Product Image" title="Cover of book" width="150" height="150" class="imagecache imagecache-review_cover_square"/></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>Around 1970, Monogram Models released a "Panzer IV" kit in 1/32nd scale. There was no mention on the box top as to what version (Ausfuhrung) it was, simply that it was a Panzer IV "with 75mm gun". As military vehicle historians dug deeper into the history of German military vehicles from the Second World War period, they learned that the Panzer IV, for example, was produced in a series of "Ausfuhrung", or versions: Ausf. A, Ausf. B etc. Eventually, model firms figured this out too so that by the early/ mid-1970's, Italeri was producing kits such as their "German Tank Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf (H)" while Tamiya had their "Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf. H".</p><p><a href="https://web.ipmsusa3.org/content/panzer-iv-battlefield-2" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Military Vehicles Publications Mon, 11 Jun 2018 22:54:03 +0000 David Wrinkle 7726 at https://web.ipmsusa3.org